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Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) NCAA was established by decree 49 of 1999, with among others, the statutory responsibilities of ensuring regulating, monitoring and promotion of the safety, security, economic and reliability of air navigation oversight in line with International Civil Aviation organisation (ICAO) standard and recommended practices (SARPs). The Authority effectively commenced operations on 1st January, 2000.
Prior to 1989, the regulations of the aviation industry as well as provision of air traffic services were carried out by the Civil Aviation Department (CAD) of the Federal Ministry of Aviation. Sequel to the adoption of the National policy on Civil Aviation of 1988 by the Federal Government, the Federal Civil Aviation Authority (FCAA) was established under decree 8 of 1990 as an Aviation regulatory body and took over the function of CAD. However, this was in addition to the Nigerian Airports Authority (NAA) which had been earlier carved out of the CAD in 1976 to manage Nigerian Airports.
Towards the end of 1995, the government undertook a re-organisation of some government Parastatals in the Aviation Industry and as a consequence, the FCAA was scrapped. New Directorates of Safety Regulation and Monitoring and Economic Regulatory and Monitoring were established in the Federal Ministry of Aviation, to replace the Safety and Economic function of the defunct FCAA while Air Traffic Services and Aerotels department were merged with the former NAA to form Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria.
The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) is the body responsible for setting standards of international Civil Aviation activities and ensuring that states fulfill obligations provided in the convention on International Civil Aviation. The body, as part of its conditions, requires all member states to establish an appropriate state organization to be known as Civil Aviation Authority charged with necessary powers to ensure compliance with air navigation regulations promulgated by the state. Nigeria as a signatory to the convention and desirous to maintain its membership of ICAO had to fulfill this obligation. It was in view of this and in response to calls from stakeholders in the Aviation Industry that the then Federal Military Government enacted Decree 49 of 1999 establishing the NCAA. The Authority commenced effective operations on 1st January, 2000.